- The cause of the pain and stiffness you are experiencing may be because you have an Achilles tendinopathy.
What is an Achilles tendinopathy?
- Achilles tendinopathy (tendinitis) describes any injury and inflammation to your Achilles tendon.
- Tendons are a thick fibrous tissue that attaches your muscles to your bones.
- Main functions are to move the bones or structures they attach to, and to act as shock absorbers to withstand high tension.
- Wear and tear of tendons result in a reduced ability to move the structures they attach to, and a decreased ability to absorb loads imposed on it.
- Also, calf muscles attach to the heel bone through a tendon known as your Achilles tendon.
- This tendon can become injured through repetitive action like jumping, or through overuse-type active like running or standing for long periods on hard surfaces.
- The repetitive or increased loading of this tendon result in small tears (micro-tears) of the tendon which can become inflamed over time and cause pain.
Symptoms of an Achilles tendinopathy
- May include pain which is often worse when you load your Achilles tendon (e.g. walking), night or early morning stiffness of your ankle joint, loss of strength of your calf muscles, and a warm, tender and swollen heel.